Trends in prediabetes among children aged 12 to 19 doubled in the last 20 years, according to a survey study published in JAMA Pediatrics. According to data from the U.S. government’s National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1999-2018, 1 in 5 children has prediabetes. Prediabetes was defined as hemoglobin A1c level of 5.7% to 6.4% or a fasting blood glucose level of 100mg/dL to 125mg/dL. These trends stayed true across socioeconomic and other variables such as weight, household food security, race, and age. Plant-based diets focused on fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole grains increase insulin sensitivity and address many risk factors for prediabetes including reduced intake of saturated fat.
Liu J, Li Y, Zhang D, Yi SS, Liu J. Trends in prediabetes among youths in the US from 1999 through 2018. JAMA Pediatr. Published online March 28, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2022.0077
Kahleova H, Petersen KF, Shulman GI, et al. Effect of a low-fat vegan diet on body weight, insulin sensitivity, postprandial metabolism, and intramyocellular and hepatocellular lipids in overweight adults: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025454-e2025468. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25454