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  1. Health and Nutrition News

  2. May 30, 2023

Plant-Based Diets Reduce Cholesterol

A new meta-analysis shows that vegetarian and vegan diets significantly reduce total and LDL cholesterol, which are important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The analysis included 30 high-quality randomized control trials from over the last 43 years. This study confirms the results of prior meta-analyses. 


  1. Koch CA, Kjeldsen EW, Frikke-Schmidt R. Vegetarian or vegan diets and blood lipids: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Eur Heart J. 2023;00:1-16. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehad211  
  2. Wang F, Zheng J, Yang B, Jiang J, Fu Y, Li D. Effects of vegetarian diets on blood lipids: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015;4:e002408. doi:10.1161/JAHA.115.002408 
  3. Yokoyama Y, Levin SM, Barnard ND. Association between plant-based diets and plasma lipids: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr Rev. 2017;75(9):683-698. doi:10.1093/nutrit/nux030 

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