A plant-based diet may reduce inflammation, according to a study published online in Nutrition Research. Researchers examined the nutrient intake for 63 overweight or obese participants following vegan, vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian, or omnivorous diet. Those assigned to the vegan or vegetarian groups consumed more fiber and less cholesterol and saturated fat. They also experienced lower dietary inflammation scores compared to those on nonvegetarian or semivegetarian diets. A high-fiber, low-fat, plant-based diet may prevent and help treat chronic diseases linked with inflammation, including rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain forms of cancer.
- Turner-McGrievy GM, Wirth MD, Shivappa N, et al. Randomization to plant-based dietary approaches leads to larger short-term improvements in Dietary Inflammatory Index scores and macronutrient intake compared to diets that contain meat. Nutr Res. Published online on December 2, 2014.