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Survey of Medical Student Training

Animal Use in Medical Student Training in the United States and Canada

Updated: Jan. 23, 2024

Programs Using Live Animals (1)

  • Duke University School of Medicine – Durham

Programs Using Only Nonanimal Methods

(172 Allopathic; 43 Osteopathic†)

UNITED STATES (194)

Alabama (4)

  • †Alabama College of Osteopathic Medicine – Dothan
  • †Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine-Auburn – Auburn
  • University of Alabama School of Medicine – Birmingham
  • University of South Alabama College of Medicine – Mobile

Alaska (0)

Arizona (4)

  • †Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine of Midwestern University – Glendale 
  • †A.T. Still University of Health Sciences School of Osteopathic Medicine in Arizona – Mesa
  • University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix – Phoenix
  • University of Arizona College of Medicine – Tucson

Arkansas (2)

  • †Arkansas College of Medicine – Fort Smith 
  • University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences College of Medicine – Little Rock

California (15)

  • †California Health Sciences University College of Osteopathic Medicine – Clovis
  • California Northstate University College of Medicine – Elk Grove
  • California University of Science and Medicine School of Medicine – San Bernardino
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA – Los Angeles
  • Kaiser Permanente School of Medicine – Pasadena
  • Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California – Los Angeles
  • Loma Linda University School of Medicine – Loma Linda
  • Stanford University School of Medicine – Stanford
  • †Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA – Vallejo
  • University of California-Davis School of Medicine – Sacramento
  • University of California-Irvine School of Medicine – Irvine
  • University of California-Riverside School of Medicine – Riverside
  • University of California-San Diego School of Medicine – La Jolla
  • University of California-San Francisco School of Medicine – San Francisco
  • †Western University of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific – Pomona

Colorado (2)

  • †Rocky Vista University College of Osteopathic Medicine – Parker
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine – Denver

Connecticut (3)

  • Frank H. Netter, MD School of Medicine at Quinnipiac University – North Haven
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine – Farmington
  • Yale School of Medicine – New Haven

Delaware (0)

District of Columbia (3)

  • Georgetown University School of Medicine– Washington 
  • George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences– Washington 
  • Howard University College of Medicine– Washington 

Florida (10)

  • Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine at Florida Atlantic University – Boca Raton
  • Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine – Miami
  • Florida State University College of Medicine – Tallahassee
  • †Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine-Bradenton – Bradenton
  • Nova Southeastern University College of Allopathic Medicine – Fort Lauderdale
  • †Nova Southeastern University College of Osteopathic Medicine – Fort Lauderdale
  • University of Central Florida College of Medicine – Orlando
  • University of Florida College of Medicine – Gainesville
  • University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine – Miami
  • University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine – Tampa

Georgia (5)

  • Emory University School of Medicine – Atlanta
  • †Georgia Campus-Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine – Suwanee
  • Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University – Augusta
  • Mercer University School of Medicine – Macon
  • Morehouse School of Medicine – Atlanta

Hawaii (1)

  • John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai′i at Manoa – Honolulu

Idaho (1)

  • †Idaho College of Osteopathic Medicine – Meridian

Illinois (9)

  • Carle Illinois College of Medicine – Champaign
  • †Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine of Midwestern University – Downers Grove 
  • Chicago Medical School at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science – Chicago
  • Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University – Chicago
  • Rush Medical College of Rush University Medical Center – Chicago
  • Southern Illinois University School of Medicine – Springfield
  • Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago – Maywood
  • University of Chicago Division of the Biological Sciences, Pritzker School of Medicine – Chicago
  • University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine – Chicago

Indiana (2)

  • Indiana University School of Medicine – Indianapolis
  • †Marian University College of Osteopathic Medicine – Indianapolis

Iowa (2)

  • †Des Moines University College of Osteopathic Medicine – Des Moines
  • University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine – Iowa City

Kansas (1)

  • University of Kansas School of Medicine – Kansas City

Kentucky (3)

  • †University of Pikeville Kentucky College of Osteopathic Medicine – Pikeville
  • University of Kentucky College of Medicine – Lexington
  • University of Louisville School of Medicine – Louisville

Louisiana (4)

  • †Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine (Louisiana) – Monroe
  • Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine in New Orleans – New Orleans
  • Louisiana State University School of Medicine in Shreveport – Shreveport
  • Tulane University School of Medicine – New Orleans

Maine (1)

  • †University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine –Biddeford

Maryland (3)

  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine – Baltimore
  • Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, F. Edward Hébert School of Medicine – Bethesda
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine – Baltimore

Massachusetts (4)

  • Boston University School of Medicine – Boston
  • Harvard Medical School – Boston
  • Tufts University School of Medicine – Boston
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School – Worcester

Michigan (7)

  • Central Michigan University College of Medicine – Mount Pleasant
  • Michigan State University College of Human Medicine  – East Lansing
  • †Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine – East Lansing
  • Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine – Rochester
  • University of Michigan Medical School – Ann Arbor
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine – Detroit
  • Western Michigan University Homer Stryker, M.D. School of Medicine – Kalamazoo

Minnesota (2)

  • Mayo Medical School – Rochester
  • University of Minnesota Medical School – Minneapolis

Mississippi (2)

  • †William Carey University College of Osteopathic Medicine – Hattiesburg
  • University of Mississippi School of Medicine – Jackson

Missouri (6)

  • †A.T. Still University-Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine – Kirksville
  • †Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences College of Osteopathic Medicine – Kansas City
  • Saint Louis University School of Medicine – St. Louis
  • University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine – Columbia
  • University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine – Kansas City
  • Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine – St. Louis

Montana (1)

  • †Montana College of Osteopathic Medicine/Rocky Vista University – Billings

Nebraska (2)

  • Creighton University School of Medicine – Omaha
  • University of Nebraska College of Medicine – Omaha

Nevada (3)

  • †Touro University Nevada College of Osteopathic Medicine – Henderson
  • University of Nevada Las Vegas School of Medicine - Las Vegas
  • University of Nevada Reno School of Medicine – Reno

New Hampshire (1)

  • Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth – Hanover

New Jersey (5)

  • Cooper Medical School of Rowan University – Camden
  • Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine at Seton Hall University – Nutley
  • †Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine – Stratford
  • Rutgers New Jersey Medical School – Newark
  • Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School – Piscataway

New Mexico (2)

  • †Burrell College of Osteopathic Medicine at New Mexico State University – Las Cruces
  • University of New Mexico School of Medicine – Albuquerque

New York (17)

  • Albany Medical College – Albany
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine – New York
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons – New York
  • CUNY School of Medicine – New York
  • Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine at Hofstra University – Hempstead
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai – New York
  • Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at the University at Buffalo – Buffalo 
  • †New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine – Old Westbury
  • New York Medical College – Valhalla
  • New York University Long Island School of Medicine – Mineola
  • New York University School of Medicine – New York
  • State University of New York Downstate Medical Center College of Medicine – Brooklyn
  • State University of New York Upstate Medical University College of Medicine – Syracuse
  • Stony Brook University School of Medicine – Stony Brook
  • †Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine – New York
  • University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry – Rochester
  • Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University – New York

North Carolina (4)

  • Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University – Greenville
  • †Campbell University-Jerry M. Wallace School of Osteopathic Medicine – Buies Creek
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine – Chapel Hill
  • Wake Forest School of Medicine – Winston-Salem

North Dakota (1)

  • University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences – Grand Forks

Ohio (7)

  • Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University – Dayton
  • Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine – Cleveland
  • Northeast Ohio Medical University College of Medicine – Rootstown
  • Ohio State University College of Medicine – Columbus
  • †Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine – Athens
  • University of Cincinnati College of Medicine – Cincinnati
  • University of Toledo College of Medicine – Toledo

Oklahoma (2)

  • †Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine – Tulsa
  • University of Oklahoma College of Medicine – Oklahoma City

Oregon (1)

  • Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine – Portland

Pennsylvania (9)

  • Geisinger Commonwealth Medical College – Scranton
  • Drexel University College of Medicine – Philadelphia
  • †Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine – Erie
  • Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University – Philadelphia 
  • Penn State College of Medicine – Hershey
  • Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania – Philadelphia
  • †Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine – Philadelphia
  • Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University – Philadelphia
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine – Pittsburgh

Puerto Rico (4)

  • Ponce Health Sciences University School of Medicine – Ponce
  • San Juan Bautista School of Medicine – Caguas
  • Universidad Central del Caribe School of Medicine – Bayamon
  • University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine – San Juan

Rhode Island (1)

  • Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University – Providence

South Carolina (4)

  • †Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine-Carolinas – Spartanburg
  • Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine – Charleston
  • University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia – Columbia
  • University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Greenville – Greenville

South Dakota (1)

  • University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine – Vermillion

Tennessee (5)

  • East Tennessee State University James H. Quillen College of Medicine – Johnson City
  • †Lincoln Memorial University DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine – Harrogate
  • Meharry Medical College School of Medicine – Nashville
  • University of Tennessee Health Science Center – Memphis 
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine – Nashville

Texas (15)

  • Baylor College of Medicine – Houston
  • McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston – Houston
  • Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center – El Paso
  • Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine – College Station
  • Texas Christian University and the University of North Texas Health Science Center School of Medicine – Fort Worth
  • Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine – Lubbock
  • University of Houston College of Medicine – Houston
  • †University of North Texas Health Science Center Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine – Fort Worth
  • University of Texas at Austin Dell Medical School – Austin
  • University of Texas at Tyler School of Medicine – Tyler
  • University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston – Galveston
  • University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine – Edinburg
  • University of Texas School of Medicine at San Antonio – San Antonio
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Southwestern Medical School – Dallas
  • †University of the Incarnate Word School of Osteopathic Medicine – San Antonio

Utah (2)

  • University of Utah School of Medicine – Salt Lake City

Vermont (1)

  • †Noorda College of Osteopathic Medicine – Provo
  • University of Vermont College of Medicine – Burlington

Virginia (6)

  • Eastern Virginia Medical School – Norfolk
  • †Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine (Virginia) – Blacksburg
  • †Liberty University College of Osteopathic Medicine – Lynchburg
  • University of Virginia School of Medicine – Charlottesville
  • Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine – Richmond
  • Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine – Roanoke

Washington (3)

  • †Pacific Northwest University of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine – Yakima
  • University of Washington School of Medicine – Seattle
  • Washington State University Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine – Spokane

West Virginia (3)

  • Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine – Huntington
  • †West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine – Lewisburg
  • West Virginia University School of Medicine – Morgantown

Wisconsin (2)

  • Medical College of Wisconsin – Milwaukee
  • University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health – Madison

Wyoming (0)

CANADA (17)

  • Alberta (2)
  • Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary – Calgary 
  • University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry – Edmonton

British Columbia (1)

  • University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine – Vancouver

Manitoba (1)

  • University of Manitoba Faculty of Medicine – Winnipeg

New Brunswick (0)

Newfoundland and Labrador (1)

  • Memorial University of Newfoundland Faculty of Medicine – St. John's

Nova Scotia (1)

  • Dalhousie University Faculty of Medicine – Halifax

Ontario (6)

  • McMaster University Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine – Hamilton
  • Northern Ontario School of Medicine – Thunder Bay and Sudbury
  • Queen's University Faculty of Health Sciences – Kingston
  • University of Ottawa Faculty of Medicine – Ottawa
  • University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine – Toronto
  • University of Western Ontario Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry – London

Prince Edward Island (0)

Québec (4)

  • Laval University Faculty of Medicine – Québec City
  • McGill University Faculty of Medicine – Montréal
  • University of Montréal Faculty of Medicine – Montréal
  • University of Sherbrooke Faculty of Medicine – Sherbrooke

Saskatchewan (1)

  • University of Saskatchewan College of Medicine – Saskatoon

Summary of Findings: 1) 156 U.S. allopathic schools; 2) 43 U.S. osteopathic schools; 3) 17 Canadian schools; 4) Total = 216 accredited U.S. and Canadian medical schools.

Note: Programs accredited by LCME or COCA. Branch campuses included only if separately accredited.

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