A diet low in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fiber but high in red meat, salt, and processed sugar is now a key contributor to early death worldwide, according to a study published in The Lancet. Researchers from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) examined life expectancy for 79 different risk factors in 188 countries from 1990 to 2013. Dietary risk factors, including low intakes of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and seeds had the most impact on early death.
- Forouzanfar MH, Alexander L, Anderson HR, et al. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks in 188 countries, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. Published online September 10, 2015.