A diet high in fiber from plant-based foods can enhance the activity and composition of the gut microbiota. According to a recent article published in Practical Diabetology, a diet high in whole grains, legumes, fruits, and vegetables can reduce inflammation and prevent obesity and diabetes by enhancing the growth of healthy bacteria. A diet high in fat and animal products can lead to overgrowth of bacteria that cause inflammation and increase the risk of diabetes and certain types of cancer. Other healthy lifestyles choices such as exercising, getting enough sleep, and managing stress can also help. However, most experts agree that nutrition plays the most prominent role in improving gut health.
- Jardine M. The relationship between microbiota and the environment, nutrition and metabolic disease. Pract Diabetol. 2017;36:6-14.