Adherence to a healthful plant-based diet reduces the risk for cardiovascular disease in women, according to data presented at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Session. Researchers compared heart disease events with diet records of participants in three levels of adherence to a plant-based diet. Those with the highest adherence to a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and legumes were protected the most from heart disease. These data showed a stronger association in women than men. The authors suggest the benefits of plant-based diets to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease appear strongest with an added focus on healthful foods and reductions in processed meat and other animal products.
Panagiotakos D, Kouvari M, Chrysohoou C, et al. The association between healthful and unhealthful plant based dietary patterns and 10-year cardiovascular disease incidence in apparently healthy men and women: Highlights from the Attica Prospective (2002-2012) Study. Abstract presented at: American College of Cardiology Scientific Session; March 28-30, 2020 (virtual meeting).