Nathan’s Famous Hot Dog Eating Contest returns Monday, July 4, when participants will gorge on hot dogs, a processed meat that increases the risk of colorectal cancer, cardiovascular disease, and even early death.
Joey Chestnut, who set a world record in last year’s contest after eating 76 hot dogs and buns in 10 minutes, will return but isn’t the only one bingeing on hot dogs. Americans will eat an estimated 7 billion hot dogs this summer—150 million on July 4 alone, according to National Hot Dog and Sausage Council.
It’s a dangerous trend. The World Health Organization has determined that processed meat is a major contributor to colorectal cancer, classifying it as “carcinogenic to humans.” Just 50 grams—about one hot dog—consumed daily increases colorectal cancer risk by 18%.
“Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death for both men and women, with an estimated 52,980 persons in the US projected to die of colorectal cancer in 2021,” according to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, which recommended earlier this year that screening for colorectal cancer begin at age 45 instead of 50, noting, “Incidence of colorectal cancer (specifically adenocarcinoma) in adults aged 40 to 49 years has increased by almost 15% from 2000-2002 to 2014-2016.”
Hot dogs and other processed meat are also linked to cardiovascular disease and death, according to a recent study. Researchers reviewed food intake records from more than 100,000 participants in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) Study and compared heart disease and mortality with meat consumption. Those who ate more than 150 grams of processed meat per week increased their risk of heart disease and death by 46% and 51%, respectively, when compared to those who did not eat processed meat.
Even just one hot dog can be hazardous to your health. Eating a hot dog takes away 36 minutes of healthy life (good-quality and disease-free life) according to a recent study that evaluated more than 5,800 foods and ranked them by their nutritional disease burden.
So ditch the hot dog for a carrot dog this Fourth of July. Or try a portobello burger. Research shows that replacing a daily serving of red or processed meat with one serving of mushrooms lowers the risk of dying from any cause.
Hazardous Hot Dogs