Survey Shows Most Canadian Universities No Longer Use Live Animal Laboratories in Medical School Curricula
WASHINGTON—A recent survey conducted by the international health advocacy organization Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM) shows that 11 of the 16 medical universities in Canada no longer use live animals in their teaching curricula.
PCRM asked the Canadian universities if they have live animal laboratories in their medical school curricula. The University of British Columbia replied that it uses about 25 live pigs each year in its undergraduate medical program. Memorial University of Newfoundland also uses pigs, and the University of Western Ontario in London still uses live animals in the classroom, but would not comment on what species of animals are used or how many. Queen's University in Ontario and Université Laval in Montreal refused to answer PCRM's survey. The other 11 universities responded that they do not use live animal laboratories.
Since 1985, PCRM has been tracking the use of live animal laboratories in universities in the United States. Only 34 of the 126 medical universities in the United States continue to use live animals in the classroom. At 33 of the schools still using live animals, students may choose not to participate in a live animal lab and may or may not be offered an alternative. Only one school requires that students participate in animal laboratories.
The use of live animal laboratories as a teaching method is outmoded, expensive, and raises ethical concerns. PCRM advocates state-of-the-art alternatives to animal laboratories, such as interactive CD-ROMS, videos, life-like simulators, and additional or increased clinical experience.
Founded in 1985, the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine is a nonprofit health organization that promotes preventive medicine, conducts clinical research,and encourages higher standards for ethics and effectiveness in research.
Jeanne S. McVey
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