Eat Like an Egyptian

The Physicians Committee

Eat Like an Egyptian

May 12, 2014

Ancient Egyptians followed mostly vegetarian diets over a period of approximately 3000 years, according to a new study in the Journal of Archeological Science.

Researchers analyzed the hair, teeth, and bones of various mummies who lived in Egypt and found their diet was mostly grain-based, with high consumptions of barley and wheat. Based on other research, the authors suspect legumes and vegetables were also staples in the diets.

They note that Egyptians from this period are renowned for their exceptional longevity as an organized civilization, especially considering the significant changes politically, culturally, and technologically. Maintaining a diet high in grains reflects ancient Egyptians' knowledge of a sustainable diet.


Touzeau  A, Amiot R, Blichert-Toft J. Diet of ancient Egyptians inferred from stable isotope systematics. J Arch Sci. 2014;46:114-124.

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